Frequently Asked Questions

>>The Concept Creation Process

Which design concept will move forward?
We don’t know, because none of these concepts has been chosen yet. After gathering your opinions, the project team will review the public feedback and weigh that with technical considerations. These will be blended to create a plan for Corrine Drive. It’s possible that features from different concepts may be combined when the draft plan is created.

Is the aim of the study to confirm a predetermined favorite plan?
A design concept has not been pre-selected. This study aims to use data and public opinion to come up with a plan for the area. We are attempting to do this in an open, transparent manner. The project team does not have any preconceived idea of what the draft plan for Corrine Drive should look like — except that it should offer solutions to safety concerns, help make Corrine a street that works for all users, and improve transportation options in the area.

How did you come up with the measurements for travel lanes, sidewalks, shared-use paths, and cycle tracks?
All measurements come from design guides related to Complete Streets. The guide used most often is the National Association of City Transportation Officials’ Urban Street Design Guide found here. MetroPlan Orlando used measurements and other design features that are proven to slow vehicle speeds for the Corrine Drive concepts.

Is there an in-depth report with more information on the design concepts and how they were created?
Yes. The technical report is available here.

>>The Design Concepts

This is a lot of information to review. Do I have to look it over and provide comments in one session?
No. If you don't have time to look over everything on the first day you log in, you can always log back in on another day and continue your review. The Neighborland platform saves your input. You have until the comment period closes on March 16 to give us all your feedback.

Why aren’t roundabouts included in the concepts?
Roundabouts were suggested by several members of the public. The intersections along Corrine Drive were examined to see if roundabouts could be installed without purchasing additional right-of-way. MetroPlan Orlando concluded that additional land would have to be purchased at every intersection. This is true for every concept proposed (5-lane, hybrid, 3-lane). The best candidate for a roundabout is the intersection at the Leu Gardens curve from Forest to Corrine. According to NCHRP Report 672 – Roundabouts: An Informational Guide, Second Edition, the minimum amount of land needed for a roundabout at the Leu Gardens curve is 120 ft. Obtaining the extra space would require using the City of Orlando-owned greenspace parcel currently designated for recreational use across the street from the Leu Gardens entrance.

Why aren’t any 4-lane concepts included?
A 4-lane concept was considered, but was eventually discarded because of safety concerns. The design had two travel lanes in each direction separated by a concrete barrier, with no center turn lane. This concept would not have worked in the commercial area of Corrine Drive between Bumby and General Rees Avenues, which requires a turn lane. The tight U-turn radius and limited turning movements would have presented challenges to public safety and emergency vehicles.

Why aren’t reversible lanes included in the concepts?
Reversible lanes are used in some areas of the country where vehicle traffic is heavier in one direction than the other. One or two lanes of the road switch directions at different times of day to accommodate the traffic flow. Some examples of prime locations for reversible lanes are streets near large event venues, such as football stadiums, or bridges, such as the Golden Gate Bridge. Corrine Drive is not a viable candidate for reversible lanes. The number one reason is because no left turns can be made when reversible lanes are in effect. Not allowing left turns would cut off access to every home and business on Corrine Drive during peak hours. This was deemed impractical and not feasible. Another reason why reversible lanes were ruled out was that they are typically intended to keep vehicles moving fast. MetroPlan Orlando wants to reduce the speed of vehicles currently on Corrine Drive.

I’ve never heard of raised intersections. What are they, and where are they currently being used?
A raised intersection means that the intersection pavement is even with the sidewalk. The upward slope of the pavement starts before the crosswalk, as a vehicle approaches the traffic signal. This rise in pavement elevation is considered a traffic calming measure, meaning it encourages slower vehicle speeds. So far, raised intersections are only found on low-speed streets. Baldwin Park has a couple of raised intersections at stop signs on New Broad Street in the commercial district. To MetroPlan Orlando’s knowledge, no raised intersections at traffic signals currently exist in the United States. Implementing a raised intersection at Corrine Drive and Winter Park Road would require approval for a pilot project from the Federal Highway Administration.

Why is the rush hour drive time on the 3-lane concept so high?
Currently, 23,000 vehicles a day use Corrine Drive from Monday through Friday, with 50% of travelers being regional commuters. This high percentage of commuters typically means that few of the 23,000 car trips on Corrine Drive will be converted to bicycle or walking trips. With few other parallel streets or transportation options for the 23,000 cars, it is likely they will use Corrine Drive. The increased travel time comes directly from how many cars can move through the traffic lights along the road. With three lanes, the number of cars that can move through an intersection during a traffic signal cycle is decreased by half from today’s capacity. So vehicles would have to wait through more light cycles, increasing travel time. This results in the 3-Lane concept rush hour drive time being about 20 minutes higher than the 5-Lane and Hybrid concepts. The rush hour drive times shown with the design concepts do not include a future growth rate; they only include current traffic volumes on Corrine Drive.

Why is the 3-lane concept the only one with dedicated bicycle facilities?
In order to foster the safe and supportive environment for walking and biking that Corrine Drive is currently missing, the bicycle facilities directly on Corrine Drive (between Mills and Bennett) need to have a protective barrier from motor vehicles. Examples of these types of bicycle facilities are cycle tracks and shared-use paths. The 3-Lane Concept is the only one with enough space to provide a protected bicycle lane. The technical memo describes this in more detail.

On the hybrid concept, how will drivers know when the outside lanes change to parking?
On Orange Avenue in downtown Orlando and on Robinson Street in the Milk District, permanent signage is currently used to indicate when the outside lane can be used for parking. The parking days and times would be set and would not fluctuate. If used on Corrine Drive, this design would require active enforcement to make sure the no-parking rules are followed during the week.

Why aren’t there more details about landscaping in the design concepts?
Landscaping shown in the concept drawings is for placement only. Street trees in the medians can help slow vehicle speeds by providing a sense of enclosure. Trees planted along the road will provide shade for more comfortable walking and biking. Specific landscaping recommendations will be developed in the next phase of the study when the Corrine Drive draft plan is created. A wide variety of criteria will be considered, including planting width, drought tolerance, and canopy shape.

Why aren't transit improvements included in the design concepts?
LYNX is in the process of changing all its routes and service options. MetroPlan Orlando is working with the LYNX team to identify a potential route that better serves residents in the Corrine Drive area. If feasible, the new routes will be incorporated into Phase 3 of the Corrine Drive study. The new routes could help make transit a more important part of life along Corrine Drive. Bulbouts, offered in all the concepts except the Hybrid, would make good locations for bus stops. Amenities, such as a shelters and benches, also could be added there.

>>Who Will Be Affected

Will any of these design concepts encourage cars to cut through surrounding neighborhoods?
The 5-Lane and Hybrid concepts, along with their variations, have rush hour drive times similar to what exists on Corrine Drive today (6-8 minutes). It’s not expected that these designs will cause any traffic diversion or cut-through traffic. The 3-Lane concept and its variation have considerably higher rush hour drive times (23-27 minutes) than today. Because there are few parallel routes available in the area for traffic to divert to, these high travel times could cause drivers to use local neighborhood streets to avoid Corrine Drive. It’s not known exactly how many drivers would use neighborhood streets, but it’s possible that approximately 300-400 per hour could choose this type of alternative route during peak travel time.

Will businesses be affected by any of the design concepts?
Because all the concepts for Corrine Drive require the full 80 feet of public right-of-way, some of the parking currently in the East and West Plazas where the sidewalk has been paved over will need to be restored to its original purpose. This affects 7 unmarked spots in the West Plaza and 9 marked spots in the East Plaza, which are parallel to the on-street parking. While these 16 parking spots will eventually be removed if any of the design concepts move forward, it’s expected that more than 150 parking spaces will become available behind the plazas in the Audubon Park K-8 school parking lot. Once a shared use agreement is executed between the school and the City of Orlando, these spots will be available for use outside of school hours. The spots in the school lot will be much safer than the spots currently in the public right-of-way within the plazas, which block the view of drivers entering and exiting.  

>>What's Next for the Study

When will the Corrine Drive plan be announced?
We hope to share the draft Corrine Drive plan with the public and local governments in the summer of 2018. The plan will include details on how a design can be implemented in the short-term (two years), medium horizon (five years), and long-term (10-15 years).

When will construction on Corrine Drive begin?
The first step toward constructing a project is approval of a final plan for Corrine Drive. The plan will include cost estimates, which will then be used to identify potential funding sources.  There is no funding allocated for construction at this time.

Are any special interest groups funding this study?
No. The Corrine Drive Complete Streets Study is being funded with local and federal government money. The study receives no money from private individuals or organizations.